Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints. It can affect one joint or multiple joints. There are more than 100 different types of arthritis, with different causes and treatment methods. Two of the most common types are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The symptoms of arthritis usually develop over time, but they may also appear suddenly. Arthritis is most commonly seen in adults over the age of 65, but it can also develop in children, teens, and younger adults. Arthritis is more common in women than men and in people who are overweight.
Arthritis is an umbrella term used to describe inflammation of the joints. However, there are different kinds of arthritis, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA).
Age.(after 45 years) is the most common cause of OA, because, the ability of cartilage to heal decreases as a person gets older. It may also develop at earlier but % are less.
Weight. more body weight increases much pressure on the knees. So, obese persons are the more suffers of this disease
Heredity. genetic mutations might make a person more likely to develop Osteoarthritis of the knee. It may also be due to inherited abnormalities in the shape of the bones that surround the knee joint
Gender. women ages 45 and older are more likely than men to develop osteoarthritis of the knee.
Repetitive stress injuries. People with certain occupations like lifting heavy weights (55 pounds or more) are more likely to develop Osteoarthritis of the knee because of the constant pressure on the joint.
Athletics. Athletes involved in soccer, tennis, or long-distance running may be at higher risk for developing Osteoarthritis of the knee due to frequent injuries of knee. But, regular moderate exercise strengthens the joints and can decrease the risk of Osteoarthritis.
Other illnesses. Rheumatoid arthritis, metabolic disorders like iron overload , excess growth hormone & Diabetic Mellitus, produce the chance of higher risk to develop Osteoarthritis of Knee.
1. X-rays of Knee joints-which can show bone and cartilage damage as well as the presence of bone spurs
2. MRI scans-MRI scans may be ordered when X-rays do not give a clear reason for this disease.
3. Blood tests like- DC, TLC, ESR, RA factor, CRP, Serum Uric acid are required to rule out other conditions that could be causing the knee pain.
Homeopathy has wide scope for its treatment with its varieties of medicines in different forms. The selection of homoeopathic remedies must be based upon the theory of individualization and symptoms similarity by detail case taking. But, the difficulty here is, due to the unbearable recurrent knee joint pains, stiffness & immobility felt by the patient , it may not give sufficient time to the treating doctor for a smooth treatment. So, it is better to formulate a well programmed homoeopathic treatment protocol for a certain period of time(at least for 06 months) rather than giving a single or one type of remedy through out the treatment period. However, all types of the medicines in the protocol should neither be mixed nor to be given simultaneously. As per the need, they may be given singly in due course